Effects of PTH Replacement on Bone in Hypoparathyroidism

Descriptive Information
Brief Title † Effects of PTH Replacement on Bone in Hypoparathyroidism
Official Title † Effects of PTH Replacement on Bone in Hypoparathyroidism
Brief Summary Hypoparathyroidism is a rare condition associated with a low level of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the blood. Hypoparathyroidism can be genetic and show up in childhood, or it can occur later in life. If it occurs later, it is usually due to damage or removal of the parathyroid glands during neck surgery. PTH helps control the amount of calcium in blood, kidneys, and bones. Low levels of calcium in the blood can cause a person to feel sick. It can cause cramping or tingling in the hands, feet, or other parts of the body. A very low blood calcium can cause fainting or seizures. The standard treatment for hypoparathyroidism is a form of vitamin D (calcitriol) and calcium supplements. Keeping normal blood levels of calcium can be difficult. Sometimes there is too much calcium in the urine even if the calcium levels in the blood are low. High calcium in the kidneys and urine can cause problems such as calcium deposits in the kidney (nephrocalcinosis) or kidney stones. High levels of calcium in the kidney may keep the kidney from functioning normally. Treatment with PTH will replace the hormone you are missing. Your disease may be better controlled on PTH than on calcium and calcitriol. Researchers at the NIH have conducted prior studies to establish synthetic human parathyroid hormone 1-34 (HPTH) as a treatment for hypoparathyroidism. Other studies have shown that PTH may improve calcium levels in blood and urine. The primary purpose of this research study is to evaluate the effects of synthetic human parathyroid hormone 1-34 (HPTH) replacement therapy on bone in adults and teenagers with hypoparathyroidism. The study takes 5 (Omega) years to complete and requires 12 inpatient visits to the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center in Bethesda, MD. The first visit will help the study team decide whether you are eligible. This visit will last 2 to 3 days. After taking calcium and calcitriol for 1 - 7 months you will return to the NIH Clinical Center for the baseline visit. The baseline visit is the visit that you will start your PTH; you will also undergo a bone biopsy during the visit. The baseline visit may last 7 to 10 days. You will then take PTH twice a day for 5 years. You will be asked to return to the NIH clinical center every 6 months for 10 follow-up visits. During one of the follow-up visits, you will have a second bone biopsy taken from the other hip. That second biopsy will be done after 1 year, 2 years, or 4 years of taking PTH; the researchers will assign the timing of the second biopsy randomly. You will be asked to go to your local laboratory for blood and urine tests between each follow up visit. At first the blood tests will occur at least once a week. Later, you will need to go to your local laboratory for blood tests at least once a month and urine tests once every 3 months. The local laboratory visits and follow-up visits at the NIH Clinical Center will help the study team determine whether the HPTH treatment is controlling your hypoparathyroidism.
Detailed Description Objectives The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the skeletal effects of hormone replacement therapy with HPTH in hypoparathyroidism. Study Population This study will enroll up to 69 subjects with physician-diagnosed hypoparathyroidism. Design This study will treat hypoparathyroid individuals with synthetic human PTH 1-34 (HPTH) for up to 5 years, periodically assessing skeletal changes through biochemical markers and iliac-crest bone biopsies, which will allow for ultrastructural, cellular, and molecular analyses. With respect to HPTH treatment, this study is a single group, within-subjects, repeated measures treatment trial. With respect to all bone biopsy analyses, the design is a parallel group design with each subject allocated to one of the 3 biopsy follow-up times: 1, 2 or 4 years after initiation of HPTH therapy. Post-baseline biopsy timing will be randomly assigned (1:1.2:1.4, respectively) to each subject, stratified by gender and by menopausal status, when relevant. Changes from baseline (time 0) to 1, 2 and 4-years will be compared. Subjects who were on conventional therapy in the former version of the protocol will also be randomized into the new study design. In contrast to new subjects, whose biopsy is performed at the end of the conventional care run-in period, the pre-conventional care biopsy will be used as the baseline for the those subjects entering the new design after having been on conventional care in the older protocol. Because it is not known with certainty what effects duration of time on conventional therapy will have on biopsy results, randomization will also be stratified on status of prior study participation. The subjects who were on HPTH therapy at the time of the protocol redesign are followed as a separate group under this protocol. Outcome Measures Primary: Changes in static and dynamic bone histomorphometry after 1 year, 2 years, and 4 years of HPTH therapy. Primary outcome measurements include: - Mineralized perimeter - Bone formation rate - Cortical width - Cortical area - Osteoid width - Osteoid perimeter - Mineral apposition rate Secondary: Changes in bone mineralization density distribution at 1, 2 and 4 years of HPTH therapy. The specific outcomes that will be measured include: - Spectral calcium-mean - Calcium-peak - Calcium-width Changes from baseline will be assessed in the following outcomes: - Biochemical markers of bone metabolism: osteocalcin, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, collagen cross-linked N-telopeptide. - Serum and urine calcium; 1,25-OH2-Vitamin D - Bone density assessed by DXA and quantitative CT - Nephrocalcinosis by ultrasound and CT - Fatigue Symptom Inventory - 6-Minute Walk Test - SF-36 Health Survey Tertiary: Changes in blood chemistries and FGF23, renal mineral handling, and PTH sensitivity with the initiation of HPTH, which include: - Serum albumin, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride, Total CO2, creatinine, glucose, urea nitrogen, and FGF23 - Urine cAMP, creatinine, phosphorus, calcium, and pH
Study Phase Phase 3
Study Type † Interventional
Study Design †
Primary Outcome Measure † Iliac crest bone biopsy
Secondary Outcome Measure † Bone mineral density distribution
Condition † Hypoparathyroidism DiGeorge Syndrome
Intervention † DrugPTH 1-34
Study Arms / Comparison Groups Biopsy Subjects are randomized to have the second bone biopsy done 1,2, or 4 years after the start of PTH.
Publications *

* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.

Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status † Drug
Estimated Enrollment † 46
Start Date † October 27, 2006
Completion Date September 30, 2017
Primary Completion Date September 30, 2017
Eligibility Criteria † - INCLUSION CRITERIA: 1. Age eligibility at screening: 1. Premeopausal women: aged 18 to 45 years, 2. Postmenopausal women: aged greater than or equal to 53 years to 70 years and 5 years since last menses. For women without a uterus, subjects must have a clinical history of menopause for at least 5 years and an FSH greater than 30 U/L. 3. Men: aged 18 to 70 years, 2. Physician-diagnosed hypoparathyroidism of at least 1-year duration, confirmed by medical record review. The investigators will confirm the diagnosis during the screening visit at which time the subject must have an intact PTH 2 times the upper limit of normal 2. Severe renal insufficiency defined as a calculated GFR 20 U/L at the screening and/or baseline visits.. 6. Chronic diseases that might affect mineral metabolism such as diabetes, celiac disease, Crohn s disease, Cushing s syndrome, or adrenal insufficiency 7. Concurrent treatment with doses of thyroid hormone intended to suppress thyroid stimulating hormone below the assay s detection limit or persistent thyroid cancer 8. History of a skeletal disease unrelated to hypoparathyroidism, such as osteoporosis or low bone density (defined as a DXA Z-Score 1.5 times the upper limit of normal, or metastatic bone disease 9. History of retinoblastoma or Li-Fraumeni syndrome 10. History of treatment with bisphosphonates, calcitonin, tamoxifen, selective-estrogen receptor modulators, or directed skeletal irradiation 11. Use of oral or intravenous corticosteroids or estrogen replacement therapy for more than 3 weeks within the last 6 months 12. Use of depot medroxyprogesterone for contraception within the past 12 months 13. Chronic inadequate biochemical control with conventional therapy and/or calcium infusion dependent 14. Seizure disorder requiring antiepileptic medications 15. Treatment with PTH for more than 2 weeks continuously at any time, prior to study entry 16. Any cognitive impairment that limits the subject s ability to comply, independently or through the assistance of a legally authorized representative, with protocol procedures. 17. Open epiphyses as determined by an X-ray of the hand and wrist in subjects
Gender All
Ages 18 Years - 70 Years
Accepts Healthy Volunteers No
Contacts ††
Location Countries † United States
Administrative Information
NCT ID † NCT00395538
Organization ID 070016
Secondary IDs †† 07-D-0016
Responsible Party Sponsor
Study Sponsor † National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Collaborators ††
Investigators † Principal Investigator: Rachel I Gafni, M.D., National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
Information Provided By
Verification Date March 14, 2017
First Received Date † November 2, 2006
Last Updated Date May 31, 2017
† Required WHO trial registration data element.
†† WHO trial registration data element that is required only if it exists.
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