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Cardiac Allograft Remodeling and Effects of Sirolimus

Descriptive Information
Brief Title † Cardiac Allograft Remodeling and Effects of Sirolimus
Official Title † Cardiac Allograft Remodeling and Effects of Sirolimus on Its Progression
Brief Summary Cardiac allograft remodeling causes poor quality of life, allograft failure and increased mortality after heart transplantation. Risk factors for cardiac allograft remodeling and its progression are poorly defined and there is a need for effective interventions.This is a multi-factorial phenomenon, associated with various immunological and non-immunological factors. Animal studies suggest M-TOR inhibition attenuates cardiac allograft remodeling secondary to down-regulation of M-TOR downstream targets and increased autophagy. There is a paucity of data regarding effect of Sirolimus, a M-TOR inhibitor, on human heart remodeling. This aim of the proposal to identify the prevalence of cardiac allograft remodeling on current immunosuppressive strategies and determine risk factors for its development. It will also identify molecular pathways associated with cardiac allograft remodeling and determine the impact of Sirolimus on these pathways.
Detailed Description Heart transplantation has become a well-established treatment option for patients with end-stage heart disease and currently has a one-year survival rate of 90%, a five-year survival rate of 70%, and 10-year survival rate of 50%. The introduction of anti-rejection treatment thirty years ago with drugs known as calcineurin inhibitors have resulted in a significant improvement in the survival of heart transplant recipients. However, most of this improvement occurs during the first year after transplantation. Beyond the first year, the mortality rate of heart transplant recipients has not changed, which indicates that the causes of late complications have not been affected in the last three decades by improvements in post-transplant care. It becomes apparent that in order to improve the late outcomes, the focus in heart transplant research needs to be shifted to the prevention and the treatment of late complications. Cardiac allograft remodeling (CAR), or changes in heart's geometric pattern, is one of the common complications after heart transplantation and often inflicts poor quality of life, heart failure, and decreased survival. The risk factors and mechanism for the development and progression of CAR are poorly defined, and there is no effective treatment for this condition. In the proposed study, we will identify the prevalence, risk factors, and effect of CAR on physical capacity, cardiac vascular disease, and patient survival after a heart transplant. For assessment of heart geometry, we will use cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI), a techniques used to visualize the internal structures of the body in detail. CMRI is considered as being a "gold standard" for evaluating the heart's structure and function. We will also evaluate the molecular and genetic markers associated with development and progression of CAR after heart transplantation. The drug Sirolimus, a new anti-rejection agent, can be used in place of calcineurin inhibitors after heart transplantation. Recent experimental and animal studies indicate that Sirolimus can attenuate the changes in the heart's geometry after a transplant (i.e., CAR) and improve heart function. We will assess the effect of Sirolimus on CAR in humans and will evaluate molecular and genetic markers associated with this effect. It is our goal to provide an important insight into the nature of CAR after heart transplantation and its response to new anti-rejection drug Sirolimus. This information will have a significant impact on the treatment of heart transplant recipients and thus improve quality of life and prolong survival after heart transplantation.
Study Phase Phase 1
Study Type † Interventional
Study Design † Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Primary Outcome Measure † Assessment in left ventricular hypertrophy
Secondary Outcome Measure † Assess outcomes
Condition † Cardiac Hypertrophy Immunosuppression
Intervention † RadiationCardiac MRI
Study Arms / Comparison Groups Cardiac biopsy C4D stain A procedure that removes a very small sample of your heart muscle so that it can be evaluated in the lab. This procedure may be done to determine the cause of cardiac myopathy (a weakened heart muscle) or to check for rejection after a heart transplant. Genetic Mechanism of M-TOR To identify the molecular and genetic mechanisms associated with development of early post-transplant CAR, and to evaluate the impact of mTOR-inhibitor Sirolimus on this process. Sirolimus dosage is based on blood levels. Cardiac MRI Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) produces no side effects from the magnetic fields and radio waves and doesn't carry a risk of cancer or birth defects. Serious reactions to the special contrast dyes used for MRI are very rare. The MRI examination poses almost no risk to the average patient when appropriate safety guidelines are followed, however side effects are possible and include headache, nausea, dizziness, change in taste and allergic reaction. Such reactions usually are mild and easily controlled by medication. Coronary Angiography with IVUS Coronary angiography is a test that uses dye and special x rays to show the insides of your coronary arteries. The coronary arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart. Intravascular ultrasound is a test that uses sound waves to see inside blood vessels. This article discusses intravascular ultrasound to see inside the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply the heart. Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test (CPET) Is a highly sensitive, non-invasive stress test. It is considered a stress test because the exercise stresses your body's systems by making them work faster and harder. A disease or condition that affects the heart, lungs or muscles will limit how much faster and harder these systems can work. A CPET assesses how well the heart, lungs, and muscles are working individually, and how these systems are working in unison. Your heart and lungs work together to deliver oxygen to your muscles, where it is used to make energy, and to remove carbon dioxide from your body. MTor Immunosuppression Sirolimus Sirolimus dosage is based on blood levels. To assess the potential of mTOR immunosuppressant Sirolimus in attenuation of CAR in HTx recipients and therefore, improve pre-existing cardiac allograft function, vasculopathy, and exercise capacity. Cardiac Allograft Remodeling A surgical procedure in wich a diseased heart is replaced with a healthy heart from a deceased person.
Publications *

* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by National Clinical Trials Identifier (NCT ID) in Medline.

Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status † Radiation
Estimated Enrollment † 110
Start Date † April 2013
Completion Date April 2016
Primary Completion Date April 2015
Eligibility Criteria † Inclusion Criteria: - All adult cardiac transplant recipients undergoing heart transplantation at UNMC/TNMC. Exclusion Criteria: - Adult cardiac transplant recipients with acute rejection (ISHLT R> grade 2) or acute infection.
Gender Both
Ages 19 Years - 70 Years
Accepts Healthy Volunteers No
Contacts †† Trish Fischer, BSN, 402-559-4479, pfischer@unmc.edu
Location Countries † United States
Administrative Information
NCT ID † NCT01889992
Organization ID 339-12-FB
Secondary IDs ††
Responsible Party Principal Investigator
Study Sponsor † University of Nebraska
Collaborators ††
Investigators † Principal Investigator: Eugenia Raichlin, MD, University of NE Medical Center/The Nebraska Medical Center
Information Provided By
Verification Date June 2013
First Received Date † June 19, 2013
Last Updated Date June 26, 2013
† Required WHO trial registration data element.
†† WHO trial registration data element that is required only if it exists.
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