Balo\'s concentric sclerosis: Demyelination of the brain producing a variety of symptoms depending on the area of the brain affected
Balo's concentric sclerosis
The list of signs and symptoms mentioned in various sources for Balo\'s concentric sclerosis includes the 7 symptoms listed below:
WNV is transmitted to humans by the bite of a mosquito (primarily the Culex species) infected with the virus. It\'s considered the primary vector for WNV and the source of the August 1999 outbreak in New York, New Jersey and Connecticut. Mosquitoes become infected by feeding on birds contaminated with the West Nile virus and then transmitting it to humans and animals during a blood meal or “bite.” (See Transmission routes of West Nile virus, page 256.)
Ticks have been found infected with WNV in Africa and Asia only. The role of ticks in the transmission and maintenance of the virus remains uncertain, and to date they aren\'t considered vectors for WNV in the United States.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has reported that there is no evidence that a person can contract the virus from handling live or dead infected birds. However, avoid barehanded contact when handling dead animals, including birds, and use gloves or double plastic bags to dispose of a carcass. Report the finding to the local health department.
The phrase \"signs of Balo\'s concentric sclerosis\" should, strictly speaking, refer only to those signs and symptoms of Balo\'s concentric sclerosis that are not readily apparent to the patient. The word \"symptoms of Balo\'s concentric sclerosis\" is the more general meaning; see symptoms of Balo\'s concentric sclerosis.
The signs and symptom information on this page attempts to provide a list of some possible signs and symptoms of Balo\'s concentric sclerosis. This medical information about signs and symptoms for Balo\'s concentric sclerosis has been gathered from various sources, may not be fully accurate, and may not be the full list of Balo\'s concentric sclerosis signs or Balo\'s concentric sclerosis symptoms. Furthermore, signs and symptoms of Balo\'s concentric sclerosis may vary on an individual basis for each patient. Only your doctor can provide adequate diagnosis of any signs or symptoms and whether they are indeed Balo\'s concentric sclerosis symptoms.
Anticonvulsants, acyclovir (if viral), glucocorticoids, mannitol, furosemide, supportive care (mild analgesics, bed rest, seizure precautions) There is no specific therapy utilized to treat West Nile encephalitis and no known cure. Treatment is generally aimed at controlling the specific symptoms. Supportive care, such as I.V. fluids, fever control, and respiratory support, is rendered when necessary.
There is no vaccine present to prevent the transmission of West Nile encephalitis. Research trials are underway to determine if ribavirin, an antiviral drug, may be helpful.