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Chorioretinitis

Overview

Inflammation of the choroids and retina of the eye. It can be caused by various pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, fungus or protozoa. Other noninfectious diseases such as sarcoidosis can cause abnormal deposits in the eye which can also result in inflammation.

Symptoms - Chorioretinitis

  • Pain or redness in the eye
  • Blurred vision, or seeing “floaters”
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Excessive tearing

Causes - Chorioretinitis

Chorioretinitis may be caused by infection or by autoimmune diseases, including HIV/AIDS , syphilis , sarcoidosis , and tuberculosis . It is sometimes caused by an infection that you experienced when you were young; symptoms of chorioretinitis may not appear for 10 to 20 years.

Prevention - Chorioretinitis

Because chorioretinitis is often caused by infections or systemic illnesses, take the following steps to help reduce your chance of getting the condition:

  • Eye exam if eye pain or vision problems or any other problems with eyes.
  • Any autoimmune diseases, follow doctor’s recommendations closely regarding treatment of the illness and regular comprehensive eye examinations.

Diagnosis - Chorioretinitis

To prepare for a comprehensive eye exam, doctor may put drops in your eyes to numb them and to dilate the pupils. The slit lamp, a special microscope to examine the eye, will focus a high powered beam of light into your eye to examine the cornea and other structures in your eye.

Prognosis - Chorioretinitis

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Treatment - Chorioretinitis

Medications recommended will vary depending on the cause of the chorioretinitis. Steroid (anti-inflammatory) eye drops are the most common treatment. Your doctor may also prescribe oral medications or possibly inject steroids around the eye. If the chorioretinitis is related to an active infection, then antibiotic medications may be used as well. Your doctor may also prescribe dilating drops, which help prevent the iris from sticking to the lens underneath and reduce discomfort. However, these drops will increase glare and light sensitivity.

Resources - Chorioretinitis

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