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Dengue fever

Overview

An acute viral disease characterized by fever, rash and myalgia and caused by a flavivirus which is transmitted by mosquitoes.

Symptoms - Dengue fever

  • High fever - up to 105 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Severe headache
  • Retro-orbital pain - pain behind the eye
  • Severe joint pains
  • Muscle pains
  • Muscle aches
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • General weakness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Rash
  • Children get non-typical symptoms
  • Fever
  • Weakness
  • Prostration
  • Severe headache
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Severe muscle pain
  • Slowed heart rate
  • Enlarge lymph nodes
  • Maculopapular rash

Causes - Dengue fever

Dengue fever is caused by getting bitten from an infected female Aedes aegypti mosquito. There is no vaccine against it. This mosquito is found in most tropical areas of the world. Most cases which occur in U.S. citizens are from traveling abroad; however those living along the Texas-Mexico border and in other parts of the southern United States are also at risk for being infected.

Prevention - Dengue fever

Methods of prevention of Dengue fever mentioned in various sources includes those listed below. This prevention information is gathered from various sources, and may be inaccurate or incomplete. None of these methods guarantee prevention of Dengue fever.

  • Avoid mosquito bites
  • Mosquito repellent
  • Protective clothing
  • Window screens
  • Remove water-filled mosquito breeding areas

Diagnosis - Dengue fever

This medical information about signs and symptoms for Dengue fever has been gathered from various sources, may not be fully accurate, and may not be the full list of Dengue fever signs or Dengue fever symptoms. Furthermore, signs and symptoms of Dengue fever may vary on an individual basis for each patient. Only your doctor can provide adequate diagnosis of any signs or symptoms and whether they are indeed Dengue fever symptoms.

Prognosis - Dengue fever

Prognosis for Dengue fever: Most people who develop dengue fever recover completely within two weeks. Some, however, may go through several weeks of feeling tired and/or depressed. (Source: excerpt from Dengue Fever: NIAID) Duration of Dengue fever: 2 weeks typically but sometimes months before weakness or joint pains disappear. Duration of Dengue fever: The acute phase of up to 1 week is followed by a 1- to 2-week period of convalescence which is characterized by weakness, malaise, and anorexia.

Treatment - Dengue fever

Symptomatic and supportive

  • Bed rest
  • Fluids
  • Fever medications - though aspirin is not advisable according to some sources
  • Pain relief medications
  • Calamine lotion - for rash

Resources - Dengue fever

Not supplied.
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