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Peroxisomal disorders: Improved laboratory diagnosis, new defects and the complicated route to treatment.
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Peroxisomal disorders: Improved laboratory diagnosis, new defects and the complicated route to treatment.

Mol Cell Probes. 2018 Feb 10;:

Authors: Wanders RJA

Abstract
Peroxisomes catalyze a number of essential metabolic functions of which fatty acid alpha- and beta-oxidation, ether phospholipid biosynthesis, glyoxylate detoxification and bile acid synthesis are the most important. The key role of peroxisomes in humans is exemplified by the existence of a group of peroxisomal disorders, caused by mutations in > 30 different genes which codes for proteins with a role in either peroxisome biogenesis or one of the metabolic pathways in peroxisomes. Technological advances in laboratory methods at the metabolite-, enzyme-, and molecular level has not only allowed the identification of a new peroxisomal disorder but also new phenotypes associated with already identified genetic defects thus extending the clinical spectrum. Unfortunately, progress in the field of pathogenesis and treatment has lagged behind although there are certainly new and hopeful developments with respect to X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy and hyperoxaluria type 1.

PMID: 29438773 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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