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Study of sampling rate influence on neutron-gamma discrimination with stilbene coupled to a silicon photomultiplier.

Study of sampling rate influence on neutron-gamma discrimination with stilbene coupled to a silicon photomultiplier.

Appl Radiat Isot. 2017 Jun 23;128:120-124

Authors: Zhang J, Moore ME, Wang Z, Rong Z, Yang C, Hayward JP

Abstract
Choosing a digitizer with an appropriate sampling rate is often a trade-off between performance and economy. The influence of sampling rates on the neutron-gamma Pulse Shape Discrimination (PSD) with a solid stilbene scintillator coupled to a Silicon Photomultiplier was investigated in this work. Sampling rates from 125MSPS to 2GSPS from a 10-bit digitizer were used to collect detector pulses produced by the interactions of a Cf-252 source. Due to the decreased signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), the PSD performance degraded with reduced sampling rates. The reason of PSD performance degradation was discussed. Then, an efficient combination of filtering and digital signal processing (DSP) was then applied to suppress the timing noise and electronic background noise. The results demonstrate an improved PSD performance especially at low sampling rates, down to 125MSPS. Using filtering and DSP, the ascribed Figure of Merit (FOM) at 125keVee (± 10keVee) increased from 0.95 to 1.02 at 125MSPS. At 300keVee and above, all the FOMs are better than 2.00. Our study suggests that 250MSPS is a good enough sampling rate for neutron-gamma discrimination in this system in order to be sensitive to neutrons at and above ~ 125keVee.

PMID: 28709029 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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