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Hereditary ATTR amyloidosis

Vitreous amyloidosis with autonomic neuropathy of the digestive tract associated with a novel transthyretin p.Gly87Arg variant in a Bangladeshi patient: a case report.
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Vitreous amyloidosis with autonomic neuropathy of the digestive tract associated with a novel transthyretin p.Gly87Arg variant in a Bangladeshi patient: a case report.

J Med Case Rep. 2017 Aug 13;11(1):222

Authors: Terrier B, Colombat M, Beugnet C, Quéant A, London J, Daudin JB, Le Jeunne C, Mouthon L, Monnet D, Cauquil C, Lacroix C, Adams D, Brézin A, Valleix S

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder, first described in families with sensorimotor and autonomic neuropathy. Since its first description, more than 120 amyloidogenic transthyretin mutations have been reported with various geographic distributions and associated with a wide range of phenotypes involving the peripheral nerve, the heart, the gastrointestinal tract, the eyes, the central nervous system, or the kidneys. In some cases of transthyretin amyloidosis, the first clinical manifestation is vitreous opacity.
CASE PRESENTATION: A 46-year-old Bangladeshi woman presented with vitreous amyloidosis and progressive autonomic neuropathy of the digestive tract as initial clinical manifestations, with no clinical evidence of cardiac, renal, central nervous system, or peripheral nerve dysfunction. A novel transthyretin mutation, p.Gly87Arg, was identified in the heterozygous state in this proband of Bangladeshi origin. Histological examination of accessory salivary glands and gastric biopsies revealed Congo-red-positive deposits. Laser microdissection of salivary gland Congo-red deposits and tandem mass spectrometry-based proteomic analysis identified the mutated transthyretin peptide containing the arginine residue at position 87 of the mature protein.
CONCLUSIONS: Vitreous amyloidosis should be considered a differential diagnosis of uveitis, in particular transthyretin amyloidosis. Proteomics data from our case, consistent with the genetic findings, highly suggests that this new p.Gly87Arg variant is amyloidogenic. Here, we described the second case of transthyretin amyloidosis reported in a Bangladeshi patient.

PMID: 28802308 [PubMed - in process]

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