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Acute myeloid leukemia

Outcomes of patients diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia after solid organ transplantation.

Outcomes of patients diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia after solid organ transplantation.

Clin Transplant. 2017 Jul 14;:

Authors: Lontos K, Agha M, Raptis A, Hou JZ, Farah R, Redner RL, Im A, Dorritie KA, Sehgal A, Rossetti J, Saul M, Gooding WE, Humar A, Boyiadzis M

Abstract
Organ transplant recipients are at an increased risk for subsequent cancer including acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Treatment of AML following solid transplantation represents a clinical challenge since most patients have significant co-morbidities at the time of AML diagnosis. In the current study, we evaluated the treatment and outcomes of patients who developed AML following solid organ transplantation at our institution and reviewed the literature on outcomes for these patients. The study cohort consisted of 14 patients (median age 66 years, range 52-77 years) with newly diagnosed AML following solid organ transplantation. The median interval time between solid organ transplantation and AML diagnosis was 72 months (range 15 - 368 months). Seven patients received standard induction chemotherapy, four patients received intermediate type therapy, and the remaining 3 patients were deemed not fit for therapy and received palliative and supportive care. Six of the 11 treated patients (55%) achieved CR. The median overall survival (OS) for all patients was 6 months. The median OS for the patients who achieved complete remission after therapy was 17 months and 2 months for the remaining patients. Despite initial CR, relapse rates are still high, suggesting that alternative strategies for post-remission therapies are warranted. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PMID: 28710776 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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