Close
Close

X-linked Juvenile Retinoschisis

Genetic analysis and clinical features of X-linked retinoschisis in Chinese patients.
Related Articles

Genetic analysis and clinical features of X-linked retinoschisis in Chinese patients.

Sci Rep. 2017 Mar 08;7:44060

Authors: Hu QR, Huang LZ, Chen XL, Xia HK, Li TQ, Li XX

Abstract
Many mutations in the retinoschisis (RS1) gene have been identified, but there are limited clinical data relating to the different genotypes. This study investigated the genotype, clinical phenotype and therapies for X-linked juvenile retinoschisis (XLRS) patients in China to evaluate the effects of gene mutations and therapies on the prognosis of the disease. Thirty patients were recruited in the study. Genetic examination identified 8 novel RS1 gene mutations. Twenty-four patients were identified as missense mutation, which was the most common gene mutation in XLRS patients. Amino acids 102 and 209 were the most common mutation areas, accounting for a total 35.7% of all patients. Mutations affecting amino acid 102 were associated with poor results on the flash electroretinogram (ERG). Sixteen patients had various complications. Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drugs were given to four patients with hemorrhage or other complications, and serious adverse events did not occur. Our outcome demonstrates that missense mutation was the leading cause of XLRS and more than half of the patients with this missense had various complications. Anti-VEGF drugs may be an effective and safe way to prevent deterioration of XLRS with certain complications. There is wide genotypic and phenotypic variability in Chinese patients with XLRS.

PMID: 28272453 [PubMed - in process]

Videos
by Scott Harwood
4 views
by Abidemi Uruejoma
10 views
by Scott Harwood
10 views
by Scott Harwood
9 views
by Abidemi Uruejoma
38 views