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Thyroid cancer- familial medullary

A rare missense variant in RET exon 8 in a Portuguese family with atypical multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A.
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A rare missense variant in RET exon 8 in a Portuguese family with atypical multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A.

Hormones (Athens). 2016 Jul;15(3):435-440

Authors: Martins AF, Martins JM, do Vale S, Dias T, Silveira C, da Silva IR, Carmo-Fonseca M

Abstract
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), pheochromocytoma and primary hyperparathyroidism. MEN2 is an autosomal dominant syndrome caused by mutations in the RET proto-oncogene. In the vast majority of patients, the mutations are localized in exons 10, 11 and 13-15 of the RET gene. Rare variants located in exon 8 were recently identified but their clinical significance remains unclear.
DESIGN AND METHODS: We studied two sisters presenting with pheochromocytoma as the first tumor. One of the sisters was diagnosed with a right pheochromocytoma at the age of 44 and at age 53 she developed an invasive left pheochromocytoma with no other endocrine neoplasia. The other sister was diagnosed with a left pheochromocytoma at age 50 and at age 64 she had a right phemochromocytoma and MTC. Neither of the two sisters presented evidence of primary hyperparathyroidism. Mutations of the RET proto-oncogene were investigated by DNA sequencing.
RESULTS: We detected a germline missense variant in RET exon 8 (p.Cys531Arg) in both sisters. The p.Cys531Arg variant was not present in a third 50-year-old sister who has remained to date clinically unaffected.
CONCLUSION: This is the first case showing the p.Cys531Arg variant in RET exon 8 co-segregating with family members affected by a syndrome reminiscent of MEN2A. Our results suggest that this variant has a specific genotype-phenotype correlation as it is associated with the development of pheochromocytoma before the onset of MTC.

PMID: 27838608 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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