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Hereditary multiple exostoses

[Analysis of a multiple osteochondroma case caused by novel splice mutation (c.1164+1G to A) of EXT1 gene].
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[Analysis of a multiple osteochondroma case caused by novel splice mutation (c.1164+1G to A) of EXT1 gene].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi. 2017 Jun 10;34(3):411-415

Authors: Guo X, Chen W, Lin M, Shi T, Huang D, Wang Z

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To detect potential mutation of EXT1 gene in a pedigree affected with multiple osteochondroma and explore its pathogenic mechanism.
METHODS: The coding regions and their flanking sequences of the EXT1/EXT2 genes were subjected to PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing. Suspected mutations were verified by excluding possible single nucleotide polymorphisms and bioinformatics analysis. Transcripts of the EXT1 gene in the proband were analyzed by TA clone-sequencing, with its abundance compared with that of healthy controls.
RESULTS: DNA sequencing has identified in the proband a novel heterozygous point mutation (c.1164+1G to A) at the 5'splice sites of intron 3 of the EXT1 gene. The same mutation was not found in the healthy controls. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that the mutation is highly conserved and can lead to skipping of exon 3 or aberrant splicing. TA clone-sequencing indicated that the numbers of transcripts with skipping of exon 3 has significantly increased in the proband (< 0.05) compared with the controls.
CONCLUSION: The c.1164+1G to A mutation has resulted in skipping of exon 3 in a proportion of EXT1 gene transcripts. As the result, the number of transcripts with tumor suppressing function is relatively reduced and has ultimately led to the tumors.

PMID: 28604967 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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