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Narcolepsy in Adolescence-A Missed Diagnosis: A Case Report.
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Narcolepsy in Adolescence-A Missed Diagnosis: A Case Report.

Innov Clin Neurosci. 2017 Jul-Aug;14(7-8):20-23

Authors: Gupta AK, Sahoo S, Grover S

Abstract
Narcolepsy is an uncommon sleep cycle disorder with a usual onset in adolescence, but it is often misdiagnosed and underdiagnosed. Rarely is the tetrad of excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations, and sleep paralysis seen in patients. The clinical characteristics of narcolepsy are often confused with many psychiatric and neurologic disorders. Lack of clinical awareness about narcolepsy leads to frequent prescriptions of antiepileptics and psychotropics, which can adversely affect the quality of life of children and adolescents. We report a case of an adolescent male who presented with all four cardinal symptoms of narcolepsy and had been misdiagnosed with epilepsy, psychosis, and depression. We discuss various issues regarding narcolepsy in children and adolescents.

PMID: 29616151 [PubMed]

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