Cytokine deficiencyInflammation-induced down-regulation of butyrate uptake and oxidation is not caused by a reduced gene expression.
Inflammation-induced down-regulation of butyrate uptake and oxidation is not caused by a reduced gene expression.
J Cell Physiol. 2014 Jul 24;
Authors: Boesmans L, Ramakers M, Arijs I, Windey K, Vanhove W, Schuit F, Rutgeerts P, Verbeke K, Preter VD
In ulcerative colitis (UC) the butyrate metabolism is impaired, leading to energy-deficiency in the colonic cells. The effect of inflammation on the butyrate metabolism was investigated. HT-29 cells were incubated with pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and/or IFN-γ) for 1h and 24h. Cells were additionally stimulated with butyrate to investigate its anti-inflammatory potential. Butyrate uptake and oxidation were measured using (14) C-labelled butyrate. Gene expression of the butyrate metabolism enzymes, interleukin 8 (IL-8; inflammatory marker) and villin-1 (VIL-1; epithelial cell damage marker) was measured via quantitative RT-PCR. Significantly increased IL-8 expression and decreased VIL-1 expression after 24h incubation with TNF-α and/or IFN-γ confirmed the presence of inflammation. These conditions induced a decrease of both butyrate uptake and oxidation, whereas the gene expression was not reduced. Simultaneous incubation with butyrate counteracted the reduced butyrate oxidation. In contrast, 1h incubation with TNF-α induced a significant increased IL-8 expression and decreased butyrate uptake. Incubation with TNF-α and/or IFN-γ for 1h did not induce cell damage nor influence butyrate oxidation. The inflammation-induced down-regulation of the butyrate metabolism was not caused by a reduced gene expression, but appeared consequential to a decreased butyrate uptake. Increasing the luminal butyrate levels might have therapeutic potential in UC. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
PMID: 25059646 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]