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Aplastic Anemia : Deciding on the Best Treatment Options for You
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Aplastic anemia is failure of the bone marrow to produce enough blood cells- it's empty (aplastic) or contains very few blood cells (hypoplastic). All blood cell types are affected in this condition: red blood cells (anemia), white blood cells (leukopenia), and platelets (thrombocytopenia). Aplastic refers to inability of the stem cells to generate mature blood cells. It can be caused by injury to blood stem cells due to exposure to certain drugs, chemotherapy, congenital disorders, drug therapy to suppress the immune system, pregnancy, radiation therapy, or toxins such as benzene or arsenic. When the cause is unknown, it is referred to as idiopathic aplastic anemia. In about half of all cases, no cause can be found. The condition can be acute or chronic.

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